Undergraduate Programs

Bachelor of Architecture

OVERVIEW

The Architecture undergraduate program is for students who want to learn to design individual buildings and complex groups of buildings. This course of study leads to the B. Arch. (first professional degree) in five years. Students apply to the Fifth Year in the last year of their studies.or

first Year

Fall Term 1 AES 11100Core Studio 1

In this introductory studio, students will be introduced to core architectural design competencies in craft, scale, form and dwelling in

environments. Format is a sequence of short exercises.

AES 11300Visual Studies 1

Visual Studies 1 is an introductory course that focuses on the topics of analog and digital drawing and modeling in architectural design. The course emphasizes how the computer can be engaged in architectural design and visualization methods, and introduces students to operative procedures, techniques and technologies for constructing drawings and models that support and promote formal and spatial discoveries. Principles in descriptive geometry will provide the underpinnings for creating visual expressions of shapes and volumes that explore the relationship between analog/digital and two-dimensional/three-dimensional information. The communication of design intent will be established through the understanding of line work, tone, color and other drawing conventions rooted in historical and contemporary modes of architectural representation.

FIQWSLiterary Freshman Inquiry Writing Seminar

A FIQWS is a six-credit Freshman Inquiry Writing Seminar required of all students. The FIQWS is composed of two parts. The first part is a seminar about a specific topic, and in any semester an exciting variety of FIQWS are offered: it might concern an exploration of a famous writer or artist, or a particular school of philosophy, a scientific discovery or a key historical event. The topic part of FIQWS satisfies one area of the Flexible Core requirement.

The second part of the FIQWS is an intensive writing seminar, in which an instructor will guide you in writing essays and research papers concerning the subject of your seminar. You will learn far more than the mechanics of writing; you will also learn to analyze texts, develop clear ideas and arguments, and to research and compose a college-level research essay. The composition/writing part of FIQWS satisfies one English composition requirement.

MATH 19500Pre-Calculus

Intervals, inequalities, operations on functions, inverse functions, graphing polynomial and rational functions, binomial theorem, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions and formulas.

Spring Term 2 ARCH 12000Core Studio 2

In this introductory studio, students will be introduced to core architectural design competencies in craft, scale, form and dwelling in

environments. Format is a sequence of short exercises.

AES 12300Visual Studies 2

Visual Studies 2 is a continuation of the introductory Visual Studies course sequence that focuses on the topics of analog and digital drawing and modeling in architectural design. The course emphasizes how the computer can be engaged in architectural design and visualization methods, and introduces students to operative procedures, techniques and technologies for constructing drawings and models that support and promote formal and spatial discoveries. Principles in descriptive geometry will provide the underpinnings for creating visual expressions of shapes and volumes that explore the relationship between analog/digital and two-dimensional/three-dimensional information. The communication of design intent will be established through the understanding of line work, tone, color and other drawing conventions rooted in historical and contemporary modes of architectural representation.

AES 21200The Built Environment of New York City

Exploring the conditions and factors that have led to the development of New York City and its world renowned architecture and

open spaces. Field trips, papers and investigation on the creation of New York.

ENGL 21001/02Writing for the Humanities/Writing for the Social Sciences
EAS 10600Earth Systems Science

A systematic global view of the features, processes, and underlying scientific concepts of the earth, atmosphere, and oceans, emphasizing environmental applications.

second Year

Fall Term 3 ARCH 23000Core Studio 3

Analysis and methodology of design; drawing as a tool for design; orthographic projections.

AES 23202Survey of World Architecture 1

This is the first of a four-semester sequence that examines the physical forms of world architecture and related arts. It analyzes the built environment in response to place, politics, culture, and the people who use it. This semester students will study architecture from the Neolithic period to the 14th century in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Two lectures and an advanced seminar are required weekly.

Faculty

Sean Weiss
PHYS 21900Physics for Architects

A one-semester course for students of Architecture. Translational and rotational equilibrium. Newton’s laws of motion and vibrations. Work, energy and power. Fluids and temperature. Heat and energy transfer.

ARCH 35302Site Technology

A survey workshop in the relationship of physical development to land forms. The student will deal with the basic principles of site

planning, environmental and ecological factors of siting, building, grading, drainage, site structures and materials.

00000Core or College Option
Spring Term 4 ARCH 24000Core Studio 4

In this studio, students will develop core architectural design competencies in urban systems, history, precedent, and program. The exercises in the course will preview the whole range of his or her activity in the program and as a practicing professional.

AES 24001Portfolio Review

Review by faculty of the student’s design portfolio which is to include work carried out in the 10000 and 20000-level design studios.

Criteria include graphic ability, conceptual ability, progress and development. A grade of P is necessary to enter the third year.

AES 24202Survey of World Architecture 2

This is the second of a four-semester sequence that examines the physical forms of world architecture and related arts. It analyzes the built environment in response to place, politics, culture, and the people who use it. This semester students will study architecture from the 15th to the 18th centuries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Two lectures and an advanced seminar are required weekly.

AES 24303Elementary Structural Analysis & Behavior

The first of a three-semester sequence focusing on mechanics as an analytical subject, utilizing mathematics, including algebra,

trigonometry and geometry. The principles of statics will be covered, with application to statically determinate structures such as

beams, trusses and three pin arches, enabling determination of reactions and internal moments. Strength of materials will include

the properties of structural sections such as moment of inertia and radius of gyration leading to the calculation of axial, bending,

shear stresses and deflections in beams. Approximate methods of analysis are presented for frames, continuous beams and

statically indeterminate structures, allowing students to comprehend the broader sense of structural compositions of buildings.

AES 24501Construction Technology 1

An introduction to building systems, including simple wood and masonry construction. Assemblies of various building components

will be studied. Concepts of energy conservation will be related to building construction. In the studio sections students will develop

construction drawings of simple building assemblies.

00000Core or College Options

Requirements for entry into third year.

A minimum of a 2.33 overall GPA and a minimum of a 2.33 GPA in all architecture courses, and a Pass in Portfolio Review are required for entry into the Third Year.

third Year

Fall Term 5 ARCH 35100Core Studio 5

In this core architectural design studio, students engage a range of exercises crucial to the formation of an architect, from

developing inspiring and appropriate design concepts to the exploration of building assemblies and materials, and how to integrate

this knowledge into design for diverse contexts.

ARCH 35202Survey of World Architecture 3

This is the third of a four-semester sequence that examines the physical forms of world architecture and related arts. It analyzes the built environment in response to place, politics, culture, and the people who use it. This semester, students will study architecture in the 19th and early 20th centuries in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Oceania. Two lectures and an advanced seminar are required weekly.

ARCH 35501Construction Technology 2

The course will concentrate on the technology of medium to high rise buildings of steel and concrete construction. Case studies of

specific buildings will be used to help students expand by analysis their knowledge of a particular group of design applications of

building systems.

ARCH 35402Timber & Masonry Structures

The second course of a three-semester sequence that introduces the design of timber and masonry buildings. Masonry units made of concrete or clay, mortar, grout and reinforcing steel are the primary materials in reinforced masonry and combined with wood framing are a basic structural composition of buildings throughout the world. Students will develop an understanding of the nature and behavior of timber and masonry structures and learn contemporary methods of their design and engineering.

00000Core or College Option
Spring Term 6 ARCH 36100Core Studio 6

Students will be introduced to the processes, knowledge and skills required for the design of a small group of buildings of simple

program, within a selected number of the real financial, political and legal constraints in New York City.

ARCH 47202Survey of World Architecture 4

This is the fourth in a four-semester sequence that examines the physical forms of world architecture and related arts. It analyzes the built environment in response to place, politics, culture, and the people who use it. This semester students will study architecture in the 20th and 21st centuries in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Oceania. Two lectures and an advanced seminar are required weekly.

ARCH 36501Construction Technology 3

This course will focus on the performance of buildings relative to environmental impact and operational response. Starting with the

building’s skin, systems will be understood as being in contact and in manipulated exchange with the thermal, luminous and

acoustic environment surrounding them, to serve the ambience and comfort of the interior. Basic knowledge of exchange,

distribution and regulation will be related to construction and mechanical systems. The goal is to integrate structural, mechanical

and spatial requirements to make appropriate choices during the design phase, allowing students to understand the building as a

holistic regulated environment.

ARCH 36402Steel and Concrete Structures

This course, the third of a three-semester sequence, is an introduction to the design of steel and concrete structures. Basic

structural analysis of steel and concrete buildings and their components are discussed along with various building analyses and the

behavior of structural systems. The methods to design structural members are presented as part of an overall building design which

is safe, functional, economical, and aesthetical.

00000Core or College Option

fourth Year

Fall Term 7 ARCH 51000Advanced Studio (1 of 4)

Students will be placed in one of an array of diverse advanced studio offerings, developed to provide students opportunity to deeply

engage topics within the expansive discipline of architecture, and reflective of the expertise and interests of the full design faculty.

Studio project sizes, types and sites will vary, along with pedagogical methods. Course is repeated four times in sequence to meet

program requirements.

ARCH 45501Computation and Design

This course may be taken in the Fall or Spring semester of fourth year.

Advanced computing course that focuses on the utilization of digital design and fabrication processes in architecture. The course emphasizes how computational tools have evolved and impacted architectural design through methodologies in scripting, simulation, fabrication, and robotics. Students will be introduced to nascent technologies and techniques that encourage and promote computational design thinking. Principles such as algorithmic design, data management, and digital workflows will provide the underpinnings for creating drawings, models, and visualizations.

00000Core or College Option
00000Core or College Option
Spring Term 8 ARCH 51000Advanced Studio (2 of 4)

Students will be placed in one of an array of diverse advanced studio offerings, developed to provide students opportunity to deeply

engage topics within the expansive discipline of architecture, and reflective of the expertise and interests of the full design faculty.

Studio project sizes, types and sites will vary, along with pedagogical methods. Course is repeated four times in sequence to meet

program requirements.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

A student may choose after successful completion of the fourth year to receive a B.S. degree in Architecture. A student receiving a B.S. degree in Architecture may not receive a B. Arch (5th year) degree. The student must have maintained a 2.33 G.P.A overall and a 2.33 G.P.A in all architecture courses.

fifth Year

Fall Term 9 ARCH 51000Advanced Studio (3 of 4)

Students will be placed in one of an array of diverse advanced studio offerings, developed to provide students opportunity to deeply

engage topics within the expansive discipline of architecture, and reflective of the expertise and interests of the full design faculty.

Studio project sizes, types and sites will vary, along with pedagogical methods. Course is repeated four times in sequence to meet

program requirements.

ARCH 51200Architectural Management

This course may be taken in the Fall or Spring.

The principles of management as applied to the architectural profession. Included in this course are: the general organization of the profession and its relation to client, community, and the construction industry; new management techniques, organization and retrieval; project delivery, construction, and professional documents, cost control, legal surety, contract and financial management.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

Spring Term 10 ARCH 51000Advanced Studio (4 of 4)

Students will be placed in one of an array of diverse advanced studio offerings, developed to provide students opportunity to deeply

engage topics within the expansive discipline of architecture, and reflective of the expertise and interests of the full design faculty.

Studio project sizes, types and sites will vary, along with pedagogical methods. Course is repeated four times in sequence to meet

program requirements.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

ARCH 00000Elective

There are numerous elective offerings each semester. For a sampling of recent electives, refer to the school schedule.

General Education/Pathways Core:

Fixed Core/12 Credits: ENGL21001/02 Writing for the Humanities/Writing for the Social Sciences, Mathematics 19500, Life and Physical Sciences – EAS 10600
Flexible Core/18 Credits: World & Global Issues – Literature & History, Creative Expression, Individual & Society, Scientific World (Physics 21900)
Additional CCNY requirements/12 credits: Philosophy 10200; Speech 11100

Electives

Prior to fourth year, at least two of the four elective courses are to be completed within the undergraduate offerings of the Spitzer School of Architecture and a maximum of two courses are to be completed within advanced undergraduate offerings of CCNY. An additional 17 elective credits (not courses) must be completed within the undergraduate offerings of the Spitzer School of Architecture prior to graduation.

Concentration in Architectural History

The Department of Architecture offers a concentration in architectural history. This is comprised of 15 elective credits drawn from architectural history electives in addition to the four architectural history courses required for the B Arch degree, Survey of World Architecture 1 through Survey of World Architecture 4. For further information and course advisement, contact Professor Marta Gutman, Coordinator of Architectural History and Theory.

Curriculum

General, Optional, and Professional Studies
There are a total of 160 required credits for the B Arch program. In 2013, CCNY instituted a robust general studies program to ensure a comprehensive education for its students. This is referred to as “Pathways/General Education Requirements” or “Common Core.” B Arch courses are distributed among general studies course (48 credits) meeting the NAAB’s 45-credit optional studies minimum, elective courses (22 credits) meeting the 10-credit optional studies minimum, and professional courses (90 credits). The total number of credits required (160) meets the 150-credit minimum. The chart below shows the distribution of general, optional, and professional studies in the B Arch program.
General Studies
• CCNY requires undergraduates to complete general studies under its Pathways program, which has three components: fixed core, flexible core, and additional requirements.
• 2 open elective courses
• 48 credits
Optional Studies at Spitzer School
• 2 Spitzer School elective courses
• 17 credits of electives
• 22 credits
Professional Studies at Spitzer School
• Required professional courses
• 90 credits

Electives & Selected Topics

ARCH 51302Iconic Building Tectonics

This seminar course will engage in and expose participants to the multiple issues surrounding the tectonics of iconic buildings with a focus on poetics of building construction technology, history and theory, systems integration, and sustainability and how these are interrelated.

ARCH 51309Children and the City

Physical spaces are a gauge, a measure of any society’s attitude toward children. About 500 years ago, it would have not been possible to find a house with a child’s bedroom, a neighborhood with a playground, or a city with a public high school. Fast foward to the 2st century, when children live, learn, work, and play in spaces purposely made for them, usually by architects and other design professionals; they also create and appropriate places for these purposes. This interdisciplinary seminar looks at how modern architecture, modern cities, and concepts of childhood have chnaged as special places have been made for children – from houses and schools to streets and playgrounds.

We will give architects their due, as we discuss ideals of the good childhood and how hopes (and fears) for children are embodied in the built environment. What does the word child mean? Design? Modern? What does the design of a school, for example, tell us about adult values? How does it contribute to the modernization of cities? To the discourse of modern architecture? To the ideological construction the “good” childhood in the US? Europe? Elsewhere in teh world?

We also will consider children and children’s experiences, as they consume, play, resist, rebel, contest, experiment, and otherwise use the physical city to creat culture. Who has rights to the city? How are they express? In the end, we want to come to terms with the multiple identities of children and examine how space, place, and experience are engaged in the performance and critique of them. Teenagers and youth culture are also discussed, part of the processess under consideration in this class.

This course includes in-class discussions, short critical papers, and a research project, involving fieldwork that will develop and extend this website, authored by former students in this class: http://childrenandthecity.weebly.com/. The course is open to graduate students and advanced undergraduates, with permission. Students should be prepared to read, to write and above all to think critically.

ARCH 51312Building Information Modeling

Also known as: ARCH 71301

Intended to deal with design and form as an information management process, this course will explore methods and techniques of modeling the various systems as well as the form of buildings. using selected projects as subjects, students will apply various means of digital representation and electronic documentation – a set of topics which leads toward “Building Information Modeling” which will, in turn, be examined as to its role in conceptualization, design, documentation, and construction.

This is not a course in CAD, computer-aided design, rendering nor presentation. It is rather focused on the methods, techniques and tools for developing a comprehensive electronic information-rich model of built forms and systems, and teh potentials of using that model to produce traditional and non-traditional representations for a variety of purposes and disciplines over the various phases of the building’s life cycle.

Revit Architecture, a widely used application, will be featured as a typical example of BIM software. Revit Structures and Revit MEP software will be briefly examined as will other applications by other software producers.

The course will be organized around lecture/demonstrations and project work. Students will be expected to carry-out exercises in the first part of the term, and work on a selected project in the latter part, leading to a complete final project fully implmented in BIM technology. The goal is to document the project ot the detail level.

Since we will be exploring sophisticated and at time, complex ideas and methodologies based on digital technologies, students must come to the course with a certain level of knowledge and skill which allows them to understand and competently produce variou digital representations, carry-out modeling activity and use sophisticated dgital tools. The minimum pre-requisite is successful completion of the introductory digital course (Arch 23300 or 41201) and the first three semesters of building systems techology. (Arch 35301, 36301, and 47301) or the equivalent as determined by the instructor. Students in graduate programs may present to the instructor for approval alternative courses or experiences in lieu of the undergraduate course pre-requisites. A thorough knowledge of AutoCAD, 3D modeling and image processing are a base requirement.

ARCH 51314Aesthetics

Aesthetics considers the experience of things described as fine or beautiful. It asks a succession of questions: i. Is beauty the perfection of things perceived or the cultivated response of people qualified to perceive them? ii. Is beauty’s perception disinterested – beauty for beauty’s sake – or is it sometimes mixed iwth practical concern for the satisfaction or utility of things, such as buildings, theories, or tools, perceived as beautiful? iii. is there an appropriate context for things perceived as beautiful or is beatuy indifferent to context: iconic buildings, for example? vi. Is beauty’s perception culturally or historically bound? v. How does the character and response to natural beauty differ from the beauty ascribed to things we make? What of things intermediate, natural but created: gardens, for example? vi. Is beauty’s creation the effect of inspiration or calculations and craft? vii. How does architecture weigh practical imperatives – craft, cost, use, and context – against the demands of style and art?

Faculty

ARCH 51320History of Structural Forms

This seminar takes a novel approach to the history of structure. It combines Curt Siegel’s notion of structural forms with Felix Candela’s motion of structural actions conceived as a dischotomy between passive structures and active structures, the latter being “those capable of changing the direction of loads and focin gthem to move throughout the structure enclosing a certain space.” The advantage to this approach is to analyze structure from the vantage point of the designer and hence to give students of architecture and engineering the conceptual tools to use structural forms creatively.

Rangin gin time from ancient Egyptian architecture to the present, this course provides new insights into well-known buildings, while exposing students to important but relatively little-known material. In particular, the course provides extensive coverage of the dramatic and innovative but little-known Spanish and French stereotomic vaulting of the fifteenth-eighteenth centuries, this so-called acrobatic architecture that seems to hover miraculously in the air.

This first half of the course consists of lectures by the course instructor, followed by student reports, the latter focusing on vaults (Antonio Gaudi, Rafael Guastavino father and son, Eduardo Torroja, Felix Candela, Pier Luigi Nervi, Heinz Isler, Frei Otto, and Eladio Dieste) and innovative skycraper frames (Fazlur Khan). Students will make a powerpoint presentation and write a term paper, as well as take a midterm and a final exam.

ARCH 51322Advanced Presentation Techniques

Architectural Illustration – Pratical Methods & Techniques concentrates on gaining practical skills in the illustration of buildings. Through hands-on practice in developing perspective layout drawings, drawing composition and final rendering using pencil, pen, and marker techniques, the student will improve graphic communication skills.

An understanding of perspective drawing and composition will be emphasized, utilizing layout methods ranging from traditional T-square & triangle through model photography to computer-generated wire frames. The efficient use of time and an appreciation of the decision-making process involved will be stressed.

The above skills are necessary in order to exercise creative control over the illustration process no matter what technique (hand-drawn or computer generated) is chosen.

This is NOT a “computer rendering” course. However, the use of computer software in the illustration process will be supported to the greatest practical extent. With the skills and experience gained in this class, students will be able to martial all the resources at their disposal (from traditional drawing/drafting to 2D/3D CAD) in order to produce effective illustrations of their work. Skills in Architectural Illustration are valuable as “sales tools”, but are even more important as “thinking tools” when developing design concepts and solutions.

Students will choose projects from their own portfolio and creat EXTERIOR ELEVATION and EXTERIOR PERSPECTIVE illustrations. In addition to the final presentation drawings, there will be exercises, both in class and as assignments. THese exercises and assignments are also part of the required course work.

This is a studio class. Attendance is important! The skills studnts are seeking to gain are only acquired through in-class, hands-on, participation. Students should come to the first class with basic hand-drafting tools and equipment and an 18″ Roll of Sketch Paper.

Faculty

ARCH 51324Teaching Architecture

A catalyst for constructivist engagement

Architecture is, an art, a science, & ultimately a form of multi-sensory expression & experience that is imbued with cultural, historical, environmental, & political meaning & impact.

architecture is so multifaceted that most imaginative teachers-educators-facilitators can find within a suitable place in which to pursue a gamut of spheres of interest & meaning… which architecture at its core, there can be infinite paths to explore a variety of social, economic & academic disciplines.

we will explore philosophies, theories & practices of a “constructivist” pedagogy of teaching & learning – a dialectical relationship between understanding & doing – to facilitate a deepening & broadening of our understanding of current thinking & practices in architecture, education & student empowerment

a goal of this seminar class is to introduce & acquaint architecture students with current trends in educational pedagogy, develop their own “visual literacy” – to gain a more comprehensive, critical & empowering understanding of their built physical environment.

ARCH 51325Words and Buildings

This seminar is designed to enrich your knowledge of contemporary theory and methods while honing research, writings, and presentation skills. Broadly speaking, this class will help you grasp the importance of viewpoint and subjectivity in analysis and design. As you use theory to probe the relationship of place to power, politics, and identity, you will examine how objects buildings, and spaces shape and are shaped by social relationships and cultural values in a global society. This kind of board-minded theoretical thinking will help you come to grips with how architecture, landscape architecture, and urbanism may be used for progressive (and not so progressive) purposes and as a tool for political critique and social change.

This is a reading and writing intensive class.

ARCH 51326Reading African Architecture

Also known as: ARCH 63101

African architecture has its basis in history, numerology, philosophy, performance principles, therapeutic concepts, jurisprudence and cosmology.

– Suzanne Preston Blier

The architecture of Africa is often referred to as “architecture without architects”. Yet, it is a rather complex language system, the meaning of which can be understood through the materials it produces, the construction processes that characterize it. Form orientation to decorative details, African architecture is an interpretation of a people’s cosmogony. Although its formal expression changes from one region to another, architecture always has roots in the history of the people building it, in their philosophy and their cosmology. It is grounded in the reality of the daily experiences of its makers, and it also contextualizes their intellectual explanations of their lives. Beyond shelter, it offers them a way to belong, by mediating between the sacred and the utilitarian.

This class will explore African architecture within the geographical contect of West Africa, through a series of probes into its specific expressions: the house, the village, the city, the landscape. It will concentrate on traditional architecture. Following the slave trade routes, it will explore its adaptation in the West Indies, Louisiana, Canada and Brazil. In conclusion, it will look at several ontemporary designs that have drawn inspiration from the principles of African architecture.

Students’ research is an integral part of the class and will be conducted during class time. At the end of the course, the work will be compiled into a class summary.

Faculty

ARCH 51348Computer Rendering & Animation

Todays architects are beginning to discover new worlds with computers. Computer technologies have altered the production of architecture, and they have changing the way we design and construct buildings. With the advancement of computer technology, you are able to render several thousand images to produce computer animations. And with the development of new software, real-time walk-through of 3D models and 3D still renderings are as common as word processors.

You will be able to gain enormous skills in computer rendering and animation by using latest 3D Studio Max. Topics include: Basic Modeling, Advance Modeling, Animation and Walk-Through Animation.

Faculty

ARCH 51349Low Energy Buildings

Also known as: ARCH 63102

This course equips students to design achitectural form and materials for environmental control. There are two main principles to how it is taught. The first is to use multiple learning media that develop a conceptual, practical, and intuitive understanding of the material, in order to serve you best as designers, and learn by real life experience (as that is entertaining and educational at the same time!). These media include lectures, readings, direct experience, active experimentation, and design (which leads to the second principle.)

The second principle is to apply the lessons directly to a design project, so that what you learn in this class will be fully integrated into your work. The seminar lessons are organized in sequence to work with a design project. We will give you a small design assignment that you will develop into a truly low energy building by calculating it’s losses and gains, with as a a goal to optimize them and reduce them so the end result will be a building that is a low energy building and could conform with the Passive House standards.

ARCH 51354Cross-Pollinating Practices

Cross-Pollinating Practices: On the relation of architecture to landscape and urbanism

The purpose of this course is to chart up a contemporary understanding of the issues of context as seen through the relation of architecture to landscape and urbanism. There are new sensibilities emergin gtowards complementary notion sof space, ground, type, network, and lanscape. These complementary notions have implicit representational and typological relations in need of both an update and a historical overview. The course will renew the implicit relations between architecture, urban design and landscape without fixating on the disciplinary but rather on the productive relations between them.

Among other issues, this foray into the expansive realms of landscape architecture and urban diesng will provide an encompassing grasp of both the sustainable and social issues of architecture – such as the inductive and deductive principles of architecutre’s integration with the larger context and environment. This investigation will yield a deeper and more expansive knowledge of architecutre; it will elucidate the productive cross-pollination between these practices and the underlying intricacies of each discipline. Ultimatel, it will provide the student with new tools to access and value all three disciplines.

As a productive example of the topics discussed, and in terms of the relations which are in need of an update and an overview, the course will delve into the notions of ground and typology. Historic implicit relations between architecture and urbanism generated the representational “figure / ground” model. This model was complemented by the typological taxonomy of private background buildings and public figurative buildings and open spaces. However, in contemporary practice, ground is quite polysemic and it can be seen as a new paradigm of the horizontal, of social production of space. Moreover, in contemporary practice, the typological taxonomies can be seen as systems of buildings, or as generators of context in their on right – projecting context onto the built environment. There are new typologies – seen as the internal bone structure of the built – that define as varied of isues as the continuity of space or as networked nodes in sustainable resource based geographies. Hence, amoung many topics, ground and type require cataloguing and untangling of their relations and implications in order to remain productive notions, particulary as they illustrate the realtions between landscale, architecture and urbanism.

This course will have two salient features. One is reserach -through readings, case studies and lectures- of historical and contemporary models and practices that intertwine these disciplines. The other is the development of written and graphic techniques in the documentation and analysis of case studies. Students will be asked to write and produce drawings.

ARCH 51356Developing Communication Skills

Architecture has a language of space, materiality, form and light. To succeed as an architect means to translate these terms into words. Architects must describe, explain, justify, debate, and defend what they do. Drawings, models, and animations are wonderful communication tools, but architects make an compelling case for their design when they can capture the experience of the building for a client in words: why grey granite with a gentle white swirl is the right scale and texture. How those shapes on the drawing become a procession through the building rich with incident. Why rays of light falling just so will bring a room to life.

Architects take charge of their work and establish its importance when they can successfully describe and defend it. Clients value architects who can make an authoritative case for their design – not just to the client itself, but to corporate boards, users, and communitites affected by a project.

The seminar will help participants develop essential basic writing skills, from resume writing, to day-to-day business communication in the form of letters, meeting minutes, marketing materials, and so on. We’ll try on a number of forms of writing, explanatory writing, descriptive writing, persuasive writing. We’ll study the techniques novelists and reporters use to engage and inform: stories, word images, metaphors, and analogies.

The seminar will also consider the way words are used to shape peoples’ perception of architecture. Journalists, theorists, historians and critics categorize architectural production in ways taht both illuminate and obscure. They also shape other peoples’ perceptions of architecture when architects themselves fail to articulate their vision in language. Branding and the idea of celebrity architects for example, are ways the puiblic categorizes architecture to make it recognizable and create a hierarchy of value.

the seminar will take stock of the evolving nature of media and communication, like the growth of the internet and social media dn the decline of traditional print publications. Discussions and writing will consider what these trends mean. Students are expected to be active participants, and will be asked to write frequent brief, pithy, and polished pieces drawn from real-world situations.

Faculty

ARCH 51359New York City Housing

New York City Housing: The Forces that Shape It

This seminar will investigate the multiple aspects that give shape to housing in NYC. Through a series of talks, field trips, readings, and student research projects the course will look at past and present social, political and economic forces in an attempt to speculate on how they will affect our housing in the future. Guest speakers who are noted authroities in particular housing areas will give talks which will be followed by a class discussion. THe areas covered in these talks include the roles of the private, public sector and community developer, housing financing, housing zoning, the role of government, the role of the housing architect and new approaches to housing design.

Students will be required to prepare a research case study, which focuses on a particular NYC housing development in which the fators which affect its initiation, implementation and physical design are discussed in detail.

Faculty

ARCH 51365Curating Architecture

This course examines a wide range of issues in contemporary practice encompassing exhibition design and installation and the multi-disciplinary production of installation art. Lecture and discussions about the history of curatorial practice as it evolves from the supervision of collections to incorporate a broad range of responsibilities, issues and activities creates our context. We then focus more specifically on the early 20th century European avant-garde as the boundaries between art, exhibition design, and curatorial scholarship shift and cross. Artists, architects, set designers, writers, performers initiate collaborations, crossing and merging disciplines to create new forms of expression. Concurrently, we look at the Museum of Modern Art and its founding director, Alfred Barr, to understand the revolution in exhibition theory and practice that brought viewer and object into a new and profoundly modern relationship. Within this framework students form teams of 3-5 memebers to discuss, conceptualize, develop, design, and build a full scale exhibit to remain on view for a designated period of not less than two weeks. This exhibit must evidence serious consideration of the relationship between form and content, craft and materials. The relationship between concept and form is paramount.

Requirements include drawings, maquettes, and written proposals and statements, including a final paper addressing all aspects of the process and product. Each project constructed for the course must be built with consideration for its dismantling. It is requred that all groups plan how to disassemble and store projects at the end of each semester. Cultural, social, political, and economic considerations and contexts, together with formal design elements (light, space, color, plan, etc.) and available technology combine to express and realize specific intent. This practice carries profound responsibilities, determining the perception, valuation, content, significance, context, and aesthetic viewpoint of that which is exhibited.

ARCH 51380House Theories

The seminar focuses on the social agenda of housing, and its translation into the spaces that define the dwelling unit and connect it to the social fabric of the building, of the neighborhood, and of the city. It will be an introduction to housing philosophies, housing design theories, and urban design approaches to housing. It will concentrate on the 20th Century, and therefore focus on the time period that begins at post-industrialization and ends with globalization of the economy. The Industrial Revolution of the 18th Century fostered a separation of the residential spaces from places of work. Since then, housing, as the dwelling of workers, has become the major building type in our built environment. Housing has also become the object of heated philosophical and design debates, as it is revealing of the socio-economic agenda underlyig the building of cities. Not only does housing provide us with shelter, but it is also the building block of our communities, our neighborhoods, our cities. As such, it has generated numerous urban design theories.

The ten approaches that will be presented and analyzed in this seminar illustrate seminal steps in the conception and esign of housing, inresponse ot he changing socio-economic agenda of the 20th Century. From the normative International Congree of Modern Architecture (CIAM) to the exclusionary Congress of New Urbanism (CNU), these practices, that we often follow without understanding their implications, need to be analyzed critically so as to lead to housing design standards that better fit the cultural and socio-economic context in which they will be applied.

Course Assignments: Students will be responsible for reading two short articles each week. in perparation for class discussions. Active participation to the seminar is expected. Short papers analyzing selected readings will be assigned in lieu of a mid-term exam. Students will also undertake, individually or in teams of two, an in-depth analysis of a housing development project. These analyses (Powerpoint presentation and short paper) will be presented to the class at the end of the term, but before final diesng reviews.

Faculty

ARCH 51387Discovering Form in Nature

This course concentrates on visual analysis with emphasis on color, composition, form, volume and mass.

Close observation and analysis of the visual field will develop and refine visual and spatial acuity. Conventration is on light as it reveals and articulates form within a pictorial context. Color theory is investigated through exercises based on those of Johannes Itten’s The Elements of Color and Joseph Alber’s Interaction of Color.

Classes will take place at various locations, both on and off campus, as well as in the studio. Skill in drawing by hand informs and enhances work done on the computer, adding to each student’s visual vocabulary and broadening his/her possibilities, practically and aesthetically.

Both natural and built sites will be investigated. The works of artists who explore the built environment for expressive purposes, (i.e. Hopper, Sheeler, Matta-Clark, Whiteread, to name just a few) and travel studies by architects such as Louis Kahn and LeCorbusier will be considered.

Various wet and dry color media will be employed and the relationship between subject, medium, technique and intent will be explored. The use of gouache and watercolor will expand the possibilities for visual analysis and expression. The essential goal is to maximize students’ analytic, observational and expressive abilities in order to become more effective visual thinkers and communivators. This includes the ability to speak and write in the language of visual arts.

ARCH 51388Architecture & Photography

This introductory course will cover basics of photography and present the profession and practice of architectural photography.

Students will learn basic principles of photography through use of manual settings on their digital or film cameras. Working mostly outdoors, using a variety of architectural assignments, students will learn to represent three dimensional architectural forms and space on a two dimensional surface. Special emphasis will be placed on

-Observing different qualities of light and using daylight to best support a concept

-Choosing lenses to obtain different perspectives

-Using depth of field and motion to emphasize a subject

Problem solving, innovative techniques and creative approaches will be explored as an integral part of architectural photography.

The course will also explore the importance of architectural photography as a tool for brainstorming, design development and as a basis for final renderings, and as a way to document all steps of an architects’ creative process.

The course also covers practical aspects of the photography business from the architects’ and photographers’ points of view, including rights, logistics, and digital workflow.

ARCH 53456The Envelope and Kinetic Structures

Also known as: ARCH 63456

Much like the skin of a human body the exterior envelope of a structure is complex, responding to both its intended function and environment. Our role as architect is to understand the at environment and the forces acting upon it and to utilize this information when selecting materials and designing forms. The primary focus of this course is on the orchestration of form, function, and material. We will explore the envelope of kinetic structures including maritime vessels, aircraft, and automobiles.

Faculty

ARCH 57403Case Studies in Sustainability

Through a case-studies approach examining innovative multi-purpose, complex interdisciplinary projects, this course postulates a framework for the next generation of urban infrastructure systems. THey will serve multiple functions, align with, and leverage the workings of natural systems. They must perform in a carbon constrained world and be resilient in the face of climate uncertainties. And ultimately, as ‘distributed’ or decentralized public utilities/facilites, they must be beneficially embedded in, and connected to communities.

What kinds of pan-disciplinary collaboration will be required amoung architects, landscape architect and engineers and their clients to put in place the needed next generation of public works? How does ecological or “whole systems design,” which builds on interconnections and dependencies amoung diverse systems, help achieve synergistic solutions that solve multiple problems – both within and external to the project boundary?

Through discussions on reading and individual and team assignments, students will become familiar with principles that shape integrated design decision-making. The course will combine seminar lectures, discussion of readings, participant presentation of assignment exercises, and presentations of final research or design projects.